1. Introduction and History
Located on the east side of the Hudson River in Dutchess County some a hundred miles north of Manhattan, Rhinebeck, accessed via the Taconic State Parkway, Route 9, Route 9W, and the New York State Thruway, is each a picturesque and intensely historical village. It itself is section of the Hudson River Valley National Historic Area which used to be installed in 1996 by Congress to recognize, preserve, protect, and interpret the nationally tremendous records and assets of the valley for the gain of the nation, and stretches from Yonkers to Albany.
Founded in 1686 when Dutchmen Gerrit Artsen, Arie Roosa, Jan Elting, and Henrick Kip exchanged 2,200 acres of nearby land with six Indians of the Esopus (Kingston) and Sopaseo (Rhinebeck) tribes, it was firstly specific “Kipsbergen.” In 1713, Judge Henry Beekman referred to these land holdings as “Ryn Beck” for the first time.
One of the country’s largest historic districts with 437 sites listed on the National Historic Register, the nucleic Village of Rhinebeck and the larger, surrounding Town of Rhinebeck, embody half of of the 16-mile stretch which includes the 30 contiguous riverfront estates associated with the landed aristocracy of the location throughout the 18th, 19th, and early twentieth centuries.
Often dubbed a “picturesque village” and the “jewel of the Hudson,” it gives many walking-proximity attractions, such as vintage shops, artwork galleries, bed-and-breakfasts, inns, and restaurants, generally housed in ancient buildings.
Signature and stalwart of the village is the Beekman Arms, America’s oldest, consistently operating inn listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tracing its origins to 1766 when Arent Traphagen relocated his father’s profitable Bogardos structure of stone and sturdy timber–so constructed to shield it against Indian attacks–to the crossroads of the these days particular Ryn Beck village, it sooner or later served as a Mecca of revolutionaries, regularly hosting the likes of George Washington, Benedict Arnold, and Alexander Hamilton. When the British burned then-state capital Kingston, located across the Hudson, the townspeople sought refuge here.
Purchased by Asa Potter in 1802, it consequently served a couple of roles, inclusive of town hall, theater, publish office, and newspaper post.
Renovated, expanded, and renamed its current “Beekman Arms” moniker with the aid of secondary proprietor Tracy Durs, it served as inspiration for Thomas Wolfe’s novel, Of Time and the River, after time-honored visits here, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, hailing from close by Hyde Park, initiated all 4 of his successful gubernatorial and presidential campaigns form its very the front porch.
The considerably larger complicated gives venues for sightseeing, dining, and accommodation, amidst a preserved, colonial atmosphere.
The Tavern at Beekman Arms, located on the ground floor, is decorated with darkish wood trim, a massive brick fireplace, and extensive plank floors, and is subdivided into the Colonial Tap Room, a garden greenhouse, and a number of separate eating areas.
The higher floors contain the original inn’s meticulously restored and elegantly appointed 1766 rooms, though lodging is accessible in severa affiliated structures. Amid uncovered brick walls and high ceilings, for instance, guests can remain in the village’s unique firehouse, while the Townsend House, which opened in 2004, elements the layout and architecture influenced through Rhinebeck’s different historical structures. The Guest House, located in the back of the principal inn, presents lower-cost, motel-style rooms.
The Delameter Inn, designed in 1844 by means of Alexander Jackson Davis and an instance of American Carpenter Gothic architecture, is one block north of the Beekman Arms, and is part of a seven-guesthouse complicated which surrounds a courtyard. Many rooms feature fireplaces.
Rhinebeck itself gives many attractions. The Dutchess County Fairgrounds, for instance, hosts events such as the Dutchess County Fair, the Rhinebeck Antiques Fair, the Crafts at Rhinebeck exhibition, and the Iroquos Festival, whilst the Center for Performing Arts at Rhinebeck provides stay classical, drama, musical, and children’s performances showcasing nearby theater companies, although brain has also covered national and global names. Resembling an oversized barn to complement the surrounding rural landscape and to pay tribute to the origins of summer time stock, it replaced the brief tent under which seasonal performances had been given between 1994 and 1997, opening in July of the following year and becoming a year-round venue in 1999.
Several early-aviation and architecturally ancient sights surround the instantaneous town, most of which offer superb views of the Hudson River and the Catskill Mountains past it.
2. Museum of Rhinebeck History
Located 3.5 miles north of the Village of Rhinebeck on Route 9, the Museum of Rhinebeck History, housed in the historic Quitman House, used to be based in 1992 “to motivate grasp and appreciation of Rhinebeck history via the collection, preservation, exhibition, and interpretation of materials substantial to Rhinebeck” by way of ability of letters, books, journals, clothing, furniture, photographs, postcards, and artifacts. Open from mid-June to October 31, it points two annual exhibits, previous ones of which have been entitled “The First Century,” “The Civil War,” “The Guilded Age,” “World War I,” “The Roosevelt Years,” “World War II,” and “Early Rhinebeck Industries,” among others.
The Quitman House, marking the vicinity of the town’s first settlement, had been constructed in 1798 as a parsonage via the parishioners of the close by Old Stone Church for the Reverend Frederick H. Quitman, who had served the Lutheran congregation for extra than three decades.
Henry Beekman, who had settled 35 Palatine German families in the area in the early-1700s, had been given most of the land by royal grant, and the nascent neighborhood developed spherical a single log church until the 19th century, at which time commerce had taken root three miles south in the village distinctive “The Flatts.”
Located two-and-a-half miles from the historic downtown district of Rhinebeck, Wilderstein, named after the petroglyph of a discern keeping a peace pipe in his right hand and a tomahawk in his left in Suckley Cove, translates as “wild man’s stone” from the German, and had been a restrained Italianast villa when it had been built in 1852. Home to three generations of the Suckley family, it had been substantially enlarged in 1888 with two top floors, a tower, and a veranda, rendering it the complicated Queen Anne-style mansion overlooking the Hudson River it is today.
The interior retains all of its original wall carvings, furniture, artwork, e book collections, and stained glass from its 1888 expansion, and the ground floor, designed by using Joseph Burr Tifany, facets a dark, heavily-paneled foyer, a fireplace, a library, a eating room, a kitchen, and two dwelling rooms.
Calvert Vaux and his son, hired in 1890 to format the out of doors landscape in Romantic style, had already had a lengthy list of comparable accomplishments, among them different Hudson River estates and Prospect Park and Central Park in New York, and had ordered 1,091 shrubs and 41 trees from a neighborhood Rhinebeck nursery for the Wilderstein project. The area, extensively decreased from its authentic size, presently encompasses forty acres and three miles of trails.
Margaret (Daisy) Suckley, a shut buddy of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the ultimate to survive, had ceded the mansion and its grounds to the Wilderstein Preservation in 1983, a not-for-profit instructional institution. Today, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
4. Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome
Located on tiny, easily-missed Norton Road on the east facet of the Hudson River no longer a ways from the village of Rhinebeck itself, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome presents a time portal to the grass fields and fabric-covered aircraft which characterize the first “sprout” of aviation a century ago.
Its personal seed had been planted when Cole Palen, having earned his airframe and powerplant license form the now defunct Roosevelt Aviation School on Long Island, purchased six airplanes supplied for sale via its museum in order to vacate the location for the pending Roosevelt Field Shopping Mall.
After storage in an abandoned rooster coop on the Palen farm in Rhinebeck, the six aircraft, which encompassed a 1917 SPAD XII, a 1918 Standard J-1, a 1914 Avro 504K, a 1918 Curtiss Jenny, a 1918 Sopwith Snipe 7F1, and a 1918 Aeromarine 39B, had fashioned his initial fleet and the “aerodrome” had been a 1,000-foot-long, rocky, swamp-drained clearing referred to as a “runway” and a single crude constructing serving as a “hangar” on a patch of farmland he had in consequence purchased. Additional aircraft acquisitions-and components of them-had extended the in the main biplane lineup, after widespread restoration and reconstruction.
Three metal, quonset hut-like hangars, constructed between 1963 and 1964 and positioned at the pinnacle of a small hill above the essential dirt-and-grass parking lot, house Pioneer, World War I, and Lindbergh generation plane today, across from a new museum facility and a small gift shop. But the aerodrome itself, on the different aspect of Norton Road, is accessed through a wooden blanketed bridge which serves extra than just an entrance to the grass field, however as the time portal itself to the barnstorming era of aviation, an historic dimension come what may arrested and preserved in time past its boundaries.
The hangers, as if ignorant of the calendar, proudly courageous the winds, bearing such names as Albatros Werke, Royal Aircraft Factory Farnborough, A.V. Roe and Company, Ltd., and Fokker. But it is the multitude of mono-, bi-, and triplanes which most fiercely wrestles with one’s present-time conception.
The cutting-edge air exhibit program, which runs from mid-June to mid-October, points the “History of Flight” show on Saturdays, with pioneer aircraft such as the Bleriot XI, the Curtiss D “Pusher,” and the Hanriot, while the “World War I” exhibit on Sundays consists of designs such as the Albatros, the Avro 504K, the Caudron G.III, the Curtiss JN-4D Jenny, the Fokker D.VII, the Fokker Dr.I, the Nieuport II, the Sopwith Camel, the SPAD VII, the Davis D1W, the de Havviland Tiger Moth, and the Great Lakes 2T-1R.
Biplane rides in four-passenger New Standard D-25s are given earlier than and after the shows, while viewers can admire the fleet either in hangars or on the grass aerodrome while having lunch on outside picnic tables at the Aerodrome Canteen.
Audience volunteers, sporting Victorian, Edwardian, and Twenties dress, furnish trend suggests after altering in the aerodrome’s single, track-mounted, pink caboose, often transported past spectators in vintage cars such as a 1909 Renault, a 1916 Studebaker, and a 1914 Model T Speedster. Period tune completes the scene.
The air suggests themselves, which characteristic solely treetop-high sprints of the pioneer aircraft earlier than instantaneous relandings on the grass, in any other case provide more dramatic maneuvers of the World War I and Lindbergh technology designs, which include aerobatics, dogfights, bomb raids, balloon bursts, parachutists, and “Delsey drives.”
5. Montgomery Place
Designed by using Alexander Jackson Davis and nestled on a panorama influenced via Andrew Jackson Downing, 1st viscount montgomery of alamein Place, positioned off of Route 9G in Annandale-on-Hudson, is a richly-ornamented, classical revival, architectural landmark, reflecting both Hudson Valley property existence and almost 200 years of household ownership and imprint.
Tracing its origins to 1802 when 59-year-old Janet Livingston Sir Bernard Law had purchased a 242-acre location to establish a commercial farm and construct a residence referred to as the “Chateau de Montgomery” to honor her husband, General Richard Montgomery, it first served as a base in which to stay and work.
Poised at the stop of a half-mile lengthy alley of deciduous trees, the federal style, stuccoed fieldstone house became the center of orchards, gardens, nurseries, and greenhouses, and flowers and bushes had been despatched to her from exclusive areas of the world, along with magnolia, yellow jasmine, orange, and mangos from England and Italy in Europe and Antigua in the Caribbean. The affluent organization supplied seeds and fruit bushes to neighborhood farmers.
Although the estate had been supposed for General Montgomery’s heirs, their beforehand deaths forced her to cede it to her youngest brother, Edward Livingston, whose public provider profession had encompassed positions as New York City Mayor, US Representative and Senator from Louisiana, Secretary of State, and Minister of Finance throughout the Andrew Jackson administration.
Louis Livingston, his widow, and Coralie Livingston Barton, his daughter, renamed the mansion “Montgomery Place,” the use of it as a summer season dwelling house and substantially enhancing its architectural and panorama features all through a 40-year period. The farm and pastureland, particularly, sported formal flower gardens and an ornate conservatory, and the estate’s aesthetics have been enhanced with on foot paths to the Saw Kill Stream, rustic benches, colourful fruit gardens, and an arboretum comprised of purple-leafed European beech, cucumber magnolia, crimson oak, sweetgum, Tuliptree, white oak, Sargent’s weeping hemlock, flowering dogwood, Amur Corktree, black locust, and Sycamore trees. These 150-year-od monoliths of nature can nonetheless be enjoyed these days in the course of the walk from the Visitor’s Center and the true mansion.
Based upon the style of Alexander Jackson Davis, then the best American architect of the romantic movement, the residence itself was once redesigned with porches, wings, and balustrades for the duration of a dual-phase manner which commenced in 1842 and later in 1860, rendering it the classical revival instance it is today.
Andrew Jackson Downing, then most important landscape creator and co-owner of a nursery in Newburgh, New York, provided input regarding gardens, statuary, strolling paths, and water features.
After a post-Civil War decline, in the course of which time the property had been occupied by means of relatives, General John Ross Delafield, a Livingston descendent and New York attorney, inherited it, and his wife, Violetta White Delafield, herself a botanist, resurrected the landscape by introducing garden rooms for roses, herbs, and perennials, a wild garden with an artificial stream, and a hedged ellipse with a pool for aquatic plants.
In 1986, Delafield descendants conveyed title to Sir Bernard Law Place, its 424 acres of land, and a portion of the hamlet of Annandale, to Sleepy Hollow Restorations (later renamed Historic Hudson Valley) in order to make sure its restoration and preservation. Now a National Historic Landmark, it reopened to the public two years later.
6. Bard College
Only a quick distance similarly north and right now off of Route 9G in Annandale-on-Hudson is Bard College. A fusion of two historical estates, the liberal arts, residential campus, situated on greater than 500 acres of fields and forested land bordering the river, features a complicated of trails and walking paths via wooded areas, along the Saw Kill Stream, and down to the Hudson River, the place the rising Catskill Mountains are visible.
Founded in 1860 with the aid of John Bard in association with the New York City management of the Episcopal Church and in the beginning named St. Stephens College, it used section of Bard’s riverside estate, Annandale, and the Chapel of the Holy Innocents, each of which he donated, to train a classic, preparatory curriculum for these intending to enter the seminary.
Transitioning to a broader, greater secular organization in 1919, it integrated both natural and social science guides in its curriculum for the first time, and a decade later served as an undergraduate school of Columbia University. Increasingly focusing on liberal arts, it officially adopted the “Bard College” identify in 1934 and ten years later grew to be a coeducational institution, severing ties with Columbia.
By 1960, the very expanded curriculum covered science, art, artwork history, sculpture, and anthropology, and attracted a considerably larger scholar and college base. A movie department was once introduced.
Its first graduate program, the Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts, was set up in 1981, and, by way of the summer season of 1990, the Bard Music Festival, created to supply a deeper appreciation of the repertory of famend composers, was introduced, focusing on the work and generation of a exclusive artist and showcased in the modern, metal-roofed, Frank O. Gehry-designed Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts in 2003. The architecturally bold, revolutionary structure, offering tours during the day and chamber, orchestral, jazz music, drama, musical, dance, and opera performances with the aid of American and global artists during the evening, is subdivided into three venues. The Sosnoff Theater, with an orchestra, parterre, and two balcony sections, elements seating for 900, whilst the instructing Theater Two sports activities adjustable, bleacher-type seats and a semi-fly tower with a catwalk. The Felicitas S. Thorne Dance Studio serves as a classroom and rehearsal hall.
7. Clermont State Historic Site
The 500-acre Clermont State Historic Site, north of the town of Tivoli and off of Route 9G, was the seat of the politically and socially prominent Livingston family whose seven generations fashioned each the house and its grounds over a 230-year period.
The property harks to 1728 when Robert Livingston, Jr. acquired 13,000 acres of land alongside the Hudson River from his father, the First Lord of Livingston Manor, who had owned the 2d largest tract of non-public land in colonial New York, and built a brick, Georgian-style mansion between 1730 and 1750, christening it with the French name for “clear mountain,” or “clermont,” after the Catskill peaks seen across from it.
When his only son, Robert P. Livingston, consequently married Margaret Beekman, who herself had been inheritor to great expanses of land, he extensively improved the property’s boundaries. Their own, and eldest, son, Robert. R. Livingston, Jr., was once a prominent and noticeably influential figure who, as one of the Committee of Five, drafted the Declaration of Independence, served as the first US Minister of Foreign Affairs, specially as Secretary of State, and Chancellor of New York, beneath whose title he gave oath of office to George Washington as the nation’s first president.
Because of the Livingston family’s involvement in fostering independence, British troops centered and burned the mansion in the autumn of 1777, however Margaret Beekman Livingston, who had managed it, had it reconstructed throughout the three-year period between 1779 and 1782.
Developed for agricultural purposes, it used to be the site of experimental sheep breeding and yield-increasing crop methods, attracting countrywide attention.
A more complex house, in an “H” configuration, had been developed south of the original one in 1792, but was decimated by means of flames in 1909.
Serving as Thomas Jefferson’s Minister to France from 1801 to 1804, Chancellor Livingston negotiated the Louisiana Purchase in Paris, and later mutually designed the world’s first steamboat with Robert Fulton. Making its inaugural voyage from New York to Albany in 1807, it reduced the ride by land to much less than half of the time and paved the way towards the Fulton Steamboat Company and the profitable transport of passengers and cargo along the Hudson River.
After having been willed to the chancellor’s oldest daughter, the estate received huge addition and modification, and in the 1920s, John Henry Livingston and his wife, Alice Delafield Clarkson Livingston, remodeled it in the Colonial Revival style.
Dwelling there between her husband’s death and the onslaught of the Second World War, she then moved to the gardener’s cottage, unable to maintain its costly upkeep, although it was generally opened at some point of vacations and exclusive occasions.
Deeded to New York State in 1967, it used to be in consequence precise a National Historic Landmark in 1973, and nowadays seems as it did in the early 20th-century when it had been occupied through Mr. And Mrs. John Henry Livingston and their daughters, Honoria and Janet, the ultimate two generations to have lived there.
A Visitor’s Center, located a brief stroll from the real mansion, facets a museum with a mannequin of the first steamboat, a present save and bookstore, and an introductory film.
A visit to the Village and Town of Rhinebeck, alongside with its many significant sights, is an immersion into the ancient inns, bed-and-breakfasts, antiques and artwork, architecturally-bold and barn-like theaters, antique aviation, and earlier-century aristocratic estate life of the region, all with the azure backdrop of the Hudson River and the green silhouettes of the Catskill Mountains rising beyond it.
A graduate of Long Island University-C.W. Post Campus with a summa-cum-laude BA Degree in Comparative Languages and Journalism, I have consequently earned the Continuing Community Education Teaching Certificate from the Nassau Association for Continuing Community Education (NACCE) at Molloy College, the Travel Career Development Certificate from the Institute of Certified Travel Agents (ICTA) at LIU, and the AAS Degree in Aerospace Technology at the State University of New York – College of Technology at Farmingdale. Having accrued almost three decades in the airline industry, I managed the New York-JFK and Washington-Dulles stations at Austrian Airlines, created the North American Station Training Program, served as an Aviation Advisor to Farmingdale State University of New York, and devised and taught the Airline Management Certificate Program at the Long Island Educational Opportunity Center. A freelance author, I have written some 70 books of the short story, novel, nonfiction, essay, poetry, article, log, curriculum, training manual, and textbook genre in English, German, and Spanish, having basically targeted on aviation and travel, and I have been published in book, magazine, newsletter, and electronic Web site form. I am a author for Cole Palen’s Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome in New York. I have made some 350 lifetime journeys by air, sea, rail, and road.